How/why did the Armenian Genocide end?
Kingofpop's answer was really excellent, for people who love to irresponsibly consult hateful propaganda exclusively..
There was no armenian genocide. The Armenians of WWI Ottoman Empire rebelled and sided with the enemy, while their nation was besieged on all sides by superior powers (Russia, England, France) out to divide the Sick Man between themselves. The Ottomans relocated this dangerous community until the danger was past. Most Armenians died non-murderously, from famine and disease, the same causes that killed most of the other near-3 million Ottoman Muslims who died. (Even the soldiers.)
The Armenians lost their gamble and made a genocide out of it, because genocide is politically and financially rewarding. Those in the West are prejudiced against Turks, and accept this massive genocide campaign overwhelmingly, without asking questions. Please read and investigate before you sheepishly accept what you hear, especially when the charge is so damaging and serious. To prove genocide, you need evidence for intent, according to the 1948 U.N. Convention for Genocide, and none exists here. Prof. Guenter Lewy investigated and found none in his book, The Armenian Massacres in Ottoman Turkey: A Disputed Genocide. There are many other objectively-written sources to consult.
The better question to ask is why you have no idea about the following fact:
The Armenians conducted an extermination campaign of their own while in possession of the eastern part of the Ottoman Empire, with and later without their Russian allies, from 1914-1919. They murdered hundreds of thousands of defenseless women, children and elderly, as most Ottoman men were away fighting the war. You don't know about this because no political and well-financed campaign exists telling you about it, unlike the massive Armenian propaganda campaign.
Two surprised on-the-spot Americans (Niles and Sutherland), at first overly sympathetic to the Armenians as most Americans were and still are, investigated the Armenians' ethnic cleansing and plundering criminality in 1919, but their report was suppressed by the Wilson administration. There is also firsthand eyewitness testimony of Russian officers, the Armenians' own allies.
Let's take a closer look at Kingofpop's terrible ignorance. He wrote:
"Armenian territories were captured from the Ottoman Empire by Russia during World War 1. Since the Turks no longer controlled Armenia, the killings and deportations came to an end."
Yes, the Russians occupied vast tracts of Ottoman territory during the war, as mentioned in the paragraph above describing the Armenians' murderous spree. However, once the revolution hit Russia, they made an agreement with the Ottomans and pulled out. Territories that Russia had captured decades ago, as with Kars, were actually returned.
The Turks never controlled Armenia as it exists today. Russia conquered this territory from Iran in 1928, when few Armenians lived there. In order to pit Christian against Muslim and implement the effective "divide and conquer" strategy, Russia encouraged Armenians to emigrate, by offering tax breaks and land taken from Muslims,. Still, by 1918, some 40% of present day Armenia was still inhabited by Muslims, mostly Azeri Turks. From 1918-1920, the Armenians conducted a second extermination campaign, that the world does not know about either. This is why present day Armenia is inhabited almost entirely by Armenians, with the original inhabitants either murdered or chased away.
It is also worth noting that the Armenian Patriarch himself attested to 645000 Armenians still remaining in what was left of the Ottoman Empire in 1921, out of an original pre-war population of 1.5 million. Some 400,000-500,000 had already left during the war, on their own, to nations not controlled by the Ottomans. This means present-day Turkey was not cleaned out of Armenians by the Turks, as Armenian propaganda would have us believe. The Armenians who had already left chose not to return, as they had every right to, according to the terms of several treaties, including Lausanne. And the Armenians who still remained in the 1920s chose to leave, given the warm welcome mat that was put out by sympathizing Christian countries such as the USA and France, offering far better living conditions. Many Armenians also chose to leave, aware of the bad blood created by their murderous brethren, after centuries of peaceful existence and prosperity permitted by the very tolerant nation they chose to stab in the back.
Kingofpop went on to misinform further:
"It's also worth pointing out that the genocide was ordered and carry out by a few members of the Ottoman government and military."
There is absolutely no proof of such orders. The secret orders that are evident from the Ottoman archives, which have been opened for years because the Turks have nothing to hide (unlike the archives in Armenia) demonstrate how much the Ottomans tried to safeguard and protect Armenian lives and properties. It is very very immoral to make note of nonexistent evidence while trying to prove an alleged crime.
"After the war, both the sultan's government and international community attempted to have trials and prosecute those guilty of the genocide. But with a revolution and Turkey's war of independence, coupled with a lack of political will by the international community, the trials really didn't produce any results."
There were two trials. One was held by the corrupt postwar lackeys of the occupying British from 1919-20, anxious as these lackeys were to appease their British masters What resulted were kangaroo courts. The other, and far more important one, was the planned "Malta Tribunal" of the British, intended to be the forerunner of Nuremberg.
From 1919-21, according to the British archives, the British looked everywhere to find the elusive "genocide" evidence. They were in occupation of Istanbul, and appointed an Armenian to research the Ottoman archives. Nothing was found. Nothing was of use in the volumes and volumes of British propaganda, such as Arnold Toynbee's "Blue Book," still pointed to as "evidence" today. The British also rejected the findings of their lackeys' postwar Ottoman trials, knowing them to be a travesty of justice. (In other words, the trials that Kingofpop points to as evidence are absolutely worthless because they were rejected by the British themselves.) In desperation, the British even sought out the U.S. archives in the summer of 1921, ultimately rejecting all of that Morgenthau/consular and missionary reportage as "personal opinions." In other words, all the British found was hearsay from prejudiced people. At the end, the Btirish were forced to release all of the accused Ottoman officials they were holding in a Maltese prison for years.
Without evidence, there is no crime. There is no "Armenian genocide." The reason why foolish people accept the reality of this terrible and hateful charge, resulting in a great deal of racism and hatred toward Turkish people, is because people do not bother to ask questions and to honestly investigate, and people in the West are deeply prejudiced against Turkish people they have been told time and time again are little more than savages. .
How did it end? Similar to what happened in Germany with the Holocaust. Armenian territories were captured from the Ottoman Empire by Russia during World War 1. Since the Turks no longer controlled Armenia, the killings and deportations came to an end.
It's also worth pointing out that the genocide was ordered and carry out by a few members of the Ottoman government and military. After the war, both the sultan's government and international community attempted to have trials and prosecute those guilty of the genocide. But with a revolution and Turkey's war of independence, coupled with a lack of political will by the international community, the trials really didn't produce any results.