My teacher is Jewish but I thought Jews believe in God so why aren't they called Christians? And why when you look back in history they were treated so badly? They went threw the Holocaust and they were blamed for The Bubonic Plague.
I think Derick gave a good answer to the biggest difference between Judaism and Christianity. Adding onto his answer I'd like to add my answer as well.
For one, Jews follow a law of how and what to eat known as Kashrut, you may have heard the term "kosher" before which is a reference to those laws. We Jews don't eat pork, rabbits, camels, certain bugs, etc.
Secondly, as Derick pointed out Jews follow the Old Testament of the Bible and they call it the Torah. The Ten Commandments of Moses and verses from Leviticus are taught a lot in Jewish schools. Laws about things like marriage are also different from Christianity.
Jesus is not our messiah and there is no Second Coming because he died before he could complete his task. Therefore he is not our messiah. Some faiths who are monotheistic are Baha'l faith and Islam.
The Jewish religion believes in god, but does not believe that Jesus was their savior. Id't be a little weird to call them Christians if they don't worship Christ, no? They don't celebrate Christmas as it is a Christian holiday celebrating the birth of Jesus.
As for how they've been treated throughout history, you have to keep in mind that "Jew" is a race and is not necessarily associated with the Jewish religion. The Jews Got cought up in the wrong place at the wrong time and became a perfect scapegoat via certain historic happenings. However anyone can be of the Jewish faith be they black, white, chinese, indian, etc.
Monothestic religions are Zoroasterism (the first monotheistic religion), Judaism, Christianity (excluding the Gnostics), Islam, Mormonism (depending on if you lump them with Christians or not, since they have their own tome I tend to think them as an offshoot), Baha'i and probably a few I'm forgetting. Hinduism has a pantheon of Gods but Hindus consider all of their gods to be part of supreme being so I think of them as monotheistic; after all, we don't consider Christians who believe in the trinity to be polytheist.
Are you aware that there are many many religions who believe in God? Jewish is a religion as well as a race. Hitler wanted to exterminate all Jews because he Thought it would make the human race gene pool cleaner. Christians and Jews are two seperate religions. Just because you believe in god does not mean that you are Christian.
Well, Jews follow the Old Testament and Christians follow the New Testament. Many Christians believe that since Jews already had a covenant with God that they can be saved under their covenant instead of the new covenant that is in the New Testament. Jews do not accept the divinity of Jesus otherwise they would be Christians.
They use the old testament of the bible, I believe. The half of the bible before Jesus is introduced. They're still waiting for their savior to come.
If they don't beleve that Jesus is their savior, do they use the bible? And they don't have a savior then?
They indeed can be one and the same through Salvation like anyone else
Ohhhhhhh, well. Can you names some faiths please?