There are two ways to look at degree / career matching: 1) A degree signals to employers that you have an interest and a background in the field, etc, so therefore, you'd make a decent employee, etc. 2) The fact that you finished a degree at all, means you're a step ahead of the general population, as you can sign up for a long term (4 year) project and finish the requirements, in which case, any degree works, so long as the profession doesn't require a professional certification.
US Labor department has some brochures with all sorts of examples, but there's nothing truly comprehensive, as with most degrees, there are exceptions.
I am a little confused. Are you looking for what degrees are offered in general? You'd need to look at the schools. There's thousands of different degrees with different majors. This site is good in showing different field, different requirements, and salary ranges http://funadvice.com/r/3js9dgkt46
Collegeboard.com will help you.