In British English the present perfect is used to express an action that has occurred in the recent past that has an effect on the present moment. For example:
I've lost my key. Can you help me look for it? In American English the following is also possible: I lost my key. Can you help me look for it? ___- There are two forms to express possession in English. Have or Have got
Do you have a car? American Have you got a car? British He hasn't got any friends. B He doesn't have any friends. A She has a beautiful new home. A She's got a beautiful new home. B
Mean: (American English - angry, bad humored, British English - not generous, tight fisted) Rubber: (American English - condom, British English - tool used to erase pencil markings)
Words ending in -or (American) -our (British) color, colour, humor, humour, flavor, flavour etc. Words ending in -ize (American) -ise (British) recognize, recognise, patronize, patronise etc
American English - on the weekend / British English - at the weekend American English - on a team / English - in a team American English - please write me soon / British English - please write to me soon ... ... why are we different? it's confusing!!!
History,friends, history, as b1ff indicated above. . (I'm a professional editor and have to be able to use both UK and US standards)
Most differences between UK and US vocabulary are - think about it - with nouns. Names of things. Lift/elevator (car) bonnet/hood windowshield/windscreen wipers flat/apartment. And most of these are the name of fairly recent 'inventions' - things that appeared, or became widespread, only after the American War of Independence. (After the war, things were understandably cool between the US and England for a while, and not so many English immigrants were arriving.) That was before the age of instant communications, so words developed on either side of the Atlantic, and tended to stay fixed.
Nowadays much of that is changing, and new words spread quickly. Interestingly, computer terms are basically American, on both sides of the Atlantic. Put it down to the language imperialism of SIlicon Valley, but that's why your SpellCheck won't disallow 'program' even if you have set it to UK English.
The other difference is also largely historical: grammar points. Don't panic, I mean things like 'gotten', which is used in US English but not in the UK. Most of these US usages are simply older forms that the colonists brought along with them in the early days. They were used in, say, Shakespeare's time, but have since died out in the UK.
I think one of the reasons I'm such a rotten speller is because growing up on the Canadian boarder I saw both American and Canadian spelling.
For the longest time I couldn't figure out why "defense" and "defence" looked equally correct to me. Turns out the former is the American spelling while the later is the Canadian and I saw both growing up. I did pick up on "labor" vs. "labour" and "color" vs. "colour" early on but some of the more subtle spellings like "ise" vs. "ize" are still tough for me to keep straight.
When I took French in college I became fascinated in idoms. These are terms that have an understood meaning that is different from their literal meaning. In English if you drink too much you might awaken with a "hang over." What is hanging over? it only has meaning because everyone here knows the term. In French they would say you have a "gueule de boys" or mouth of wood literally.
I was puzzled by some Brits who would say, "like chalk and chocolate" for things that are together but nothing like each other. I guess this is an idiom in England but not in America. Sometimes I completely missed things like a Brit who used to say "ta" which I thought was short for "ta ta" or goodbye but it turns out it is a short way of saying "thanks."
Many of your American sentences are used in British English as well. Do you have a car? Have you got a car? He hasn't got any friends. He doesn't have any friends. She has a beautiful new home. She's got a beautiful new home. These are all correct in British English. The main difference is the spelling, as you say. I think most of the differences arise because the two languages (or dialects seeing as they're the same language) seperated a few hundred years ago with the colonisaton of the Americas by the British, and they evolved separetely. Also, American English had more of an input from other languages.
This doesn't only occur with the english language. Even France French is different from Canadian French, and West Germany has a differing dialect from East Germany.
The worst I've seen, though, is right here in Ontario, Canada. There is differing dialect between southern ontario and northern ontario which are only a couple of hours apart.
Example: Northern Ontario: Are you going out with him? Southern Ontario: Are you going with him?
The first time I heard the southern version, I replied "going where?" lol
well here's my problem, I'm in England, but my mum's American, so I get mixed up so much,and now that my mum became my best friend, I talk to her so much... and when you hear me talking... I mix American english with British... and my mum keeps telling me to choose one of them!! I can't do that!! to me, it's like... impossible???!!
You shouldn't have to pick either. You're living a mulitcultural and (almost) bilinqual life. America and Britain are so different besides the general language, and something like dialect and accent shouldn't keep us apart. Let the records show that I am British.
Not really, the only reasons I like to think is the background, landmass, native history (in your case: proud and noble. In our case: Invading, killing, profiting), dialect, and of course the accent. Also you have Justin Bieber and we don't ha ha!
Simply different dialects - a Cajun / Louisiana speaks English very different from a North Easterner / Boston - people/backgrounds are different.
Neither... depends where you are... in america you'd use american english, in britain you'd use british english...
well, the only thing I want to know is that which one's more accurate??