Radiation is a hazard of modern day living. When uncontained and in larger doses it is linked to a myriad of health problems and conditions. radiological protection, is the science and practice of protecting people and the environment from the harmful effects of ionizing radiation.
Ionizing radiation is widely used in industry and medicine and can present a significant health hazard. It causes microscopic damage to living tissue, which can result in skin burns and radiation sickness at high exposures, and statistically elevated risks of cancer at low exposures.
It is because of these reasons that there is such a high demand for radiation shielding in modern times. Thankfully there is a whole world of options which can be used for this purpose. When it comes to providing radiation shielding from every day used devices such as medical / X-ray and airport detection devices there are few alternatives to the metal lead. Lead has proven to be the most economic and effective material for protecting humans from radiation producing devices.
Different types of ionizing radiation interact in different ways with shielding material. The effectiveness of shielding is dependent on the Stopping power of radiation particles, which varies with the type and energy of radiation and the shielding material used.