What's involved in Ancient Religions?
Would it have to do with Ancient Roam, greece, or other? Just curious.
Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Egyptian religion, evolved from Sumarian polytheism, which originated in ancient astronomy used for agriculture.
The ancients noticed there were 12 lunar cycles in a year. This formed the first calendar, and allowed them to time the planting of their crops. But it wasn't very accurate, because there are not *exactly* 12 lunar cycles.
Some clever fellow noticed that the sun would rise at the same location (against the background of stars) each year for any given day of the year. Since they were already used to using divisions of 12 (from the lunar calendar), they divided the night sky into 12 regions, and made up stories about the star formations in those regions to help them remember when to plant, when to harvest, etc. These became the lesser gods of polytheism. They also noticed that 7 eye visible celestial objects were not 'fixed'; sun, moon, mercury, venus, mars, jupiter, saturn. These became the greater gods of polytheism, and also defined the days of a week.
In Judaism, 12 'tribes' were selected to match the 12 constellations. 7 became a holy number because of the 7 eye visible non-fixed celestial objects. The four interesting days of the year - longest, shortest, and the two equinoxes - gave significance to the number 4 in Judaism.
Monotheism evolved from Jewish polytheism because the cult of YHWH came to dominate and be viewed as 'the' god.
Anthropologists believe the first religions were animalist. People worshiped powerful animals and imagined that killing them set their imprisoned spirits free. Not all agree but many believe that matriarchal (female centered) religions appeared next and that these evolved into patriarchal (male centered) religions.
The classical religions were polytheist. They had pantheons of gods and goddesses who were powerful but imperfect. The sames gods existed in different pantheons with different names, for example Zeus in the Greek pantheon was called Jupiter in the Roman pantheon. The Greeks had a particularly keen understanding of human nature and their gods has many human failings. These mythologies have more twists and turns than soap operas and more scandals than Jerry Springer.
The earliest known monotheistic religion was Zoroastrianism. After this came the Abrahamic religions of Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
Now study the dead sea scrolls, also the Essenes, their are many ancient religions, we could never learn all in this lifetime, I study religions also, it is my passion,
you mean like thr Roman Pagans & such?
I'ld say kust google & peace ti together for yourself
every one is probably going to say somethig different
Wait just a minute...
I have to sit down...
Do you mean there are OTHER books published that supply information and ideas BESIDES the bible?
Silverwings - uhm no he reads history books... those with researched facts and scientific evidence...
todaly, where on earth do you get your information from?
Certianly not from the bible.