I think that people who study at colleges and universities are taught to question life universe and everything. They have this set of mind that they, whenever they must make an important decision, ask: Why do most people do it this way? And is it really the best way?
The only reason for a woman to give up her birth name is tradition. It was the usual thing in former times that a girl who married became part of the mans family and left her own family. That's why girls still change name when they marry while most men don't.
Today, this tradition is obsolete. Most people who marry are wealthy enough to move out of their parents house and form their own family. And families aren't as stable as they used to be either. Divorce is an option in modern society. In the past it was not.
So changing your name is completely superfluous today.
The other thing is, that a female doctor will probably be in business. They will have a job in a clinic somewhere or, worse, own their own doctor's practice. And it is complicated to change your name if you are in business. I mean you need new calling cards and letter paper. You need a new sign on the front lawn. You need to get your data changed in the tax bureau. You need your record in the yellow pages changed. And all your patients will also need to get used to the new name. Which is confusing especially for old and senile people...
It is mainly because most women get their diplomas and degrees while they are still unmarried. The name on the certificate will then be in her maiden name and trust me its HARD to change.
Universities aren't keen on changing your certificates. Its easier to keep your maiden name.
Another reason is because many women start their practices in their maiden names and then get married. Their clients know them with their maiden name and its more profitable to stick to that name then... Since most doctors win their clients via word of mouth.
I was thinking maybe because the family wants to keep on the legacy and remain with the name, or because most females receive their Md before they get married and it would be difficult to change. I am not very informed of this; I just expressed my thought out opinions from my view.
Many professionals keep their maiden names because they are registered under those names, they have reputations under those names, the paperwork is all under that name. It's complicated to change a name.
it's easier because they have registered in that name so they dont want to go through loads of papers to do the same job just so they are called by a different name