The Palestinian territories consist of two physically separate entities, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, in the Middle East. While not yet universally considered part of any sovereign nation, since November 2012, the Palestinian Authority has been upgraded to observer-state status by the United Nations.
Jerusalem (Hebrew: ירושלים Yerushalayim, Arabic: القدس al-Quds) is the capital and largest city of Israel, though most other countries and the United Nations do not recognize it as Israel's capital. It is a holy city to Christianity, Islam, and Judaism, and one of the oldest cities in the world.
The Old City of Jerusalem is that part of Jerusalem surrounded by the impressive 16th-century Ottoman city walls and representing the heart of the city both historically and spiritually. In a city already divided, the Old City is further divided culturally and historically into four residential Quarters: (clockwise from the southeast) the Jewish, Armenian, Christian, and Muslim Quarters.
West Jerusalem (also known as "New Jerusalem") represents the modern commercial heart of the city, having become the focus for development in the capital from the time of Israeli independence in 1948 to the reunification of the city with the Six Day War in 1967. That said, many of the districts of West Jerusalem date back to the late 19th century when the Old City became no longer able to contain the city's increasing population.
Ariel (Hebrew: אריאל) is an Israeli settlement located in "Area C" (Israeli-managed territory in the West Bank), within the north-central West Bank (Judea and Samaria). It is approximately 40 km east of Tel-Aviv and 30 km east of Petah Tikva.
Modi'in (Hebrew: מודיעין) is a relatively new Israeli city and located in the Shfela, half way between Jerusalem and Tel Aviv. There are some archaeological sites in the city as well as popular tourist attractions nearby.
Bethlehem (Arabic: بيت لحم, Beit Lahm Hebrew: בית לחם Beit Lechem) is a small city located some 10 km (6 miles) south of the Old City of Jerusalem within the West Bank, in an "Area A" zone administered by the Palestinian Authority.
The Judaean Desert is a desert in Israel and the West Bank that lies east of Jerusalem and the Judean hills and west of the Jordan Valley and Dead Sea.
Jericho (Arabic أريحا Arīḥā, Hebrew יריחו Yerikho), the "City of Palms", is a small city within the Palestinian Territories close to the northern end of Dead Sea and some 55 km (34 miles) from Jerusalem.
Gush Etzion is a group of Israeli settlements on the West Bank between Bethlehem and Hebron, about 950 meters above the sea level. It has a rich history dating from the 1920s and 30s to recent times.
The State of Israel (Hebrew: מדינת ישראל; Arabic: دولة إسرائيل) is a small yet diverse Middle Eastern country bordered by Egypt and the Gaza Strip to the southwest, by the West Bank and Jordan to the east, and by Syria and Lebanon to the north. The country has a long coastline on the eastern Mediterranean Sea, and very limited access to the Red Sea at the Gulf of Aqaba (often called the Gulf of Eilat in Israel).
Nablus (Arabic نابلس, Hebrew שכם, Shechem) is a large city (population, approximately 300,000) within the Palestinian Territories, located in the Central Highlands of the West Bank, some 63 km north of Jerusalem.
Ramla is a city in central Israel, between Jerusalem and Tel Aviv. It was the only new city to be founded within the current boundaries of Israel during about 1,200 years of Muslim rule - in all other cases, they built on top of preexisting cities.
Petah Tikva (פתח־תקוה) is an eastern suburb of Tel Aviv, Israel, population 230,000.
Ben Gurion International Airport () is Israel's primary airport. Named after Israel's first prime minister, it is located near the town of Lod (hence its previous name - Lod/Lydda Airport), on the outskirts of the Tel Aviv metropolitan area.
Givat Shmuel (Samuel Hill) is a small city of nearly 30,000 in Israel. It is in the Center District, which also includes Tel Aviv, Bnei Brak, and Petah Tikva.
Rehovot (Hebrew: רחובות) is a smallish city in the southern Coastal Plain region of Israel. It is located about 20 km south of Tel Aviv.
Rishon LeZion, Rishon LeZiyyon or just Rishon (Hebrew:ראשון לציון) is a city in Israel on the Coastal Strip, just south of Tel Aviv. Rishon is Israel's fourth largest city with a population of 221,500.
Bnei Brak, also spelled Bene Beraq, is an Israeli city. It lies in the Gush Dan district of which Tel Aviv is the largest city, between Ramat Gan and Petach Tikvah.
Hebron (Arabic: الخليل al-Ḫalīl; Hebrew: חֶבְרוֹן Ḥevron, Ḥeḇrôn, or Ḥebron) is an ancient city in the southern West Bank. It is the traditional burial place of the Biblical patriarchs Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and their wives.
Ramat Gan (Hebrew: רמת גן) (Translation:Garden heights) is a city in Israel, to the immediate east of Tel Aviv, which almost acts as an extension of it. Ramat Gan is an eclectic town famous for many things totally unrelated to each other, including diamonds, football, malls, chocolates, Iraqi restaurants, a religious university, and an open-space African safari with lions.
Herzliya (הרצליה, also Herzliyya, Herzlia) is a city on the Mediterranean coast of Israel, directly to the north of Tel Aviv.
Beth Guvrin or Beit Guvrin is a national park located in south-central Israel, in the Shfela region. It is a particularly good place to visit in summer, because its caves are cool and shady even when it's scorching outside.
North Tel Aviv is the wealthiest area of the city, and one of the wealthiest places in all of Israel. This area extends from the northern border of the city to the Yarkon River.
Central Tel Aviv is the most important area in Tel Aviv for visitors, and contains most of the city's most noteworthy sites. Central Tel Aviv was mostly developed between the founding of Tel Aviv in 1909 (as a suburb of Jaffa) and Israel's independence in 1948.
Tel Aviv (Hebrew: תל אביב, Arabic: تل أبيب) is the second largest city in Israel (after Jerusalem), and the largest metropolitan area. It is on the Mediterranean coast, about 60 km northwest of Jerusalem and 100 km south of Haifa.
South Tel Aviv and East Tel Aviv are two overlapping areas of Tel Aviv.
Bat Yam is a city in Israel and a working-class suburb of Tel Aviv. It has a population of about 130,000.
Jaffa (Yafo in Hebrew, Yaffa in Arabic, archaically Joppa) is the oldest part of Tel Aviv-Yafo, located south of the Tel Aviv city center.
Ein Gedi (Hebrew:עין גדי) is an oasis in the Judaean Desert, near the Dead Sea, between Masada and the caves of Qumran. The name refers to Kibbutz Ein Gedi as well as the nearby nature reserve.
Netanya (also mistakenly "Natanya", נְתַנְיָה) is a city in Israel. Many tourists come to visit its beach.
Jenin is a 4,000-year-old city in the north West Bank now populated by Palestinians.
Ashdod is a city on the Mediterranean coast of Israel, halfway between Tel Aviv and Gaza. One of Israel's two industrial ports is located here.
Hadera (Hebrew: חדרה) is a city in the Israeli Coastal Plain, about halfway from Tel Aviv to Haifa. It is mostly known by the landmark Orot Rabin Power Plant chimneys, where 19% of Israel's electricity is generated.
The Beit She'an Valley is an area in the Jordan Valley of northern Israel. It consists of the town of Beit She'an (also spelled Beit/Bet/Beth Shean/She'an/Shan), as well as a number of kibbutzim and other small agricultural communities.
Madaba is a small town in central Jordan located south of the capital Amman on the King's Highway, some 10 km from Hesban.
Caesarea (Hebrew: Qeysarya, קיסריה) is a small, wealthy town and extensive archaeological site on the Mediterranean coast of Israel, located some 50 km north of Tel Aviv and several kms north of Hadera. Population 4,200.
Arad (Hebrew, ערד) is a small city in Israel that lies on the border between the Negev desert and the Judaean Desert.
Ashkelon or Ashqelon Hebrew אַשְׁקְלוֹן Arabic عسقلان ˁAsqalān ; is a city on the Mediterranean coast of Israel, 50 km (40 minutes by bus) to the south of Tel Aviv.
Ajlun, a city in Northern Jordan, is famous for its castle. The archaeological site is popular for tourists.
Zikhron Ya'akov (Hebrew: זכרון יעקב) is a small town in the south slope of the Carmel Range, overlooking the sea. It was founded in 1882 by Baron Edmond James de Rothschild.
Afula is medium-sized town in the northern Israel. It is the largest city in the Jezreel Valley and the capital of that region.
The Dead Sea (Hebrew: ים המלח, Hebrew transliteration:Yam HaMelach; Arabic: البحر الميت, Arabic transliteration: al-Bahir al-Mayyit) has its western coast in Israel and the West Bank. It is the lowest point in the world at 394.
Amman is the capital and largest city of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (population c. 2.
Masada (Hebrew: מצדה) is a magnificently located fortress site in Israel's stark Judaean Desert, close to the Dead Sea. The last Jewish holdout to fall to Rome in 73 CE, Masada symbolizes the exile of the Jewish nation from the Holy Land.
Nazareth (Arabic الناصرة an-Nāṣirah, Hebrew נצרת Nasarat) is a city in northern Israel. With a population of 60,000, it is the largest Arab city in Israel proper with a mixed but quite harmonious Christian and Muslim population.
Be'er Sheva (also spelled Beersheba, Hebrew באר שבע) is a desert city of approximately 200,000 inhabitants in southern Israel. It is the sixth largest city in the country and the gateway to the Negev region of Israel.
The Carmel Range, often referred to simply as "Mount Carmel" (though this more properly refers to the hills immediately above Haifa), is a compact region of hills in Israel extending westwards from the Central Hill country to the Mediterranean Sea.
The Lower Galilee (Hebrew: הגליל התחתון HaGalil HaTahton, Arabic: الجليل al-Jalīl) is a northern region of Israel.
Kerak (also spelt Karak, Arabic al-Kerak) is a small, Arab city (population 170,000) in southern Jordan.
Irbid is a city in northern Jordan, some 88 km north of the capital Amman.
Haifa (Hebrew חֵיפָה Heifa; Arabic حَيْفَا Ḥayfā) is the third largest city in Israel and the major city in the north of the country with a population close to 300,000. It is a seaport located on Israel's Mediterranean shoreline, below scenic Mount Carmel.
Tiberias (Hebrew Teveriyah טבריה) is a large resort town located on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee in northern Israel.
The Sea of Galilee (Hebrew: Yam Kinneret) is the largest freshwater lake of Israel.
The Gaza Strip (Arabic غزة, Ghazzah, Hebrew עזה Azza) is a Palestinian territory in the Middle East. The largest city is Gaza.
Akko(עכו), also known historically to Arabs as عكّا ('Akka) and Westerners as Acre, lies on the northern edge of the Bay of Acre in northern Israel and receives many Baha'i pilgrims. On its present site, Akko possesses a long history of various cultures: Israelites, Greeks, Romans, Crusaders and Arabs.
The Western Galilee is the most northern coastal region of Israel.
The Upper Galilee (Hebrew: הגליל העליון HaGalil HaElyon, Arabic: الجليل al-Jalīl) is a northern region of Israel.
Nahariyya (Hebrew: נַהֲרִיָּה, also transliterated Nahariya, occasionally Naharia) is a small city with a population of 50,000 in the Western Galilee in the north of Israel.
Safed (Hebrew: צפת Tsfat) is a city in the Upper Galilee region of Israel, and is one of the oldest centers for Jewish learning and spirituality, home to the Kabbalah movement which is popular with celebrities.
Sde Boker is a Kibbutz in the central Negev (the south of Israel), most famous for being the past residence of the first prime minister of Israel, David Ben-Gurion, who moved there after he left his office in order to live his ideals of settling the Negev. The name Sde Boker also commonly refers to the nearby ecologic settlement and educational complex, officially called the Ben-Gurion College, at the edge of which is the tomb of the late prime minister and his wife, set on the ridge overlooking the mighty Zin Valley.
Rosh Haniqra (Hebrew: ראש הנקרה "head of the rock caves"; also transliterated Rosh Hanikra) is a dazzlingly white coastal rock cliff formation on the far northern coast of Israel, next to the Lebanese border.
Qatzrin (Hebrew: קצרין) is the largest town in the Golan Heights, with a population of approximately 7,000.
The Golan Heights is a rocky plateau at the southern end of the Anti-Lebanon Mountains, and straddles the borders of Syria and Israel. Israel currently holds about two-thirds of the territory, which it captured in the 1967 Six-Day War and annexed in 1981, while Syria holds the remaining one-third.
The Negev is a large desert that covers the entire southern half of Israel.
Mitzpe Ramon (Hebrew מצפה רמון) is a small town in the remote Negev of Israel. It's about an hour's drive south of Be'er Sheva.