Uppsala

Uppsala, archaic spelling Upsala, is a university city in Sweden, 80 kilometers north of Stockholm, and the capital of Uppsala County. With a population of 158,000 (200,000 in the municipality), it is Sweden's fourth largest city.

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About Uppsala

Uppsala cathedral
Uppsala cathedral
Tänka fritt är stort men tänka rätt är större.
"Thinking free is great, but thinking right is greater." &mdash; <small>Words by 18th century philosophy professor Thomas Thorild, engraved at the Uppsala University auditorium entrance. The phrase "think right" has been misunderstood as "think as the authorities do". Thorild was however a radical for his time; his aphorism should be read as "think reasonably".</small>
Uppsala is located along- and separated by- the Fyris River, which flows into lake Mälaren, which is in turn connected to the Baltic sea. The city has historically been subject to a "town and gown" division, with burghers residing on the eastern side of the river, while clergy, academia and royalty has resided on the western shore. This division still exists today, as the main shopping areas are still located in the eastern part of the city centre, while most university campuses, student nations, and historic landmarks are located on its western side.

The Uppsala area is very flat except for Uppsalaåsen &ndash; an esker which stretches across Uppland in a north-south direction. Uppsala Castle is strategically located at the top of the esker. Due to the flat terrain Uppsala's silhouette with the characteristic Castle and Cathedral towers can be seen from a great distance. In order to preserve this skyline the most other buildings in Uppsala are quite low.

In 1643 Uppsala adopted its first city plan, and got the grid-lock street pattern it still has today. The city limits where set to Kungsgatan, Strandbodgatan, Kyrkogårdsgatan and Skolgatan, and didn't expand past these limits until the latter part of the 19th century. Uppala's city centre still fairly accurately coincides with this city square.

Most Swedish children recognize Uppsala as the city of "Pelle Svanslös" (Peter-No-Tail), a tail-less cat whose life and adventures in Uppsala are described in a series of children’s books by author Gösta Knutsson. Cinema lovers will recognize the area surrounding S:t Erik's square from the movie "Fanny & Alexander" by Uppsala native Ingmar Bergman.

While Uppsala sometimes stands in the shade of Stockholm, and many of the inhabitants are students from other parts of Sweden, the city maintains a sophisticated identity.

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Source: wikivoyage