Umm Al Quwain, one of the 7 members of the United Arab Emirates, covers an area of 800 square kilometres and stretches from the beautiful, lush green coastal mangroves lining the shores of the Persian Gulf, inland across the rolling sand dunes to the fertile oasis surrounding Falaj Al Moalla. The inland oasis and hinterland town of Falaj Al Moalla lies some 50km from Umm Al Quwain city. From November to March temperatures are idyllic and average 26<sup>o</sup>C in daytime and 15<sup>o</sup>C at night (79<sup>o</sup>F to 59<sup>o</sup>F). Temperatures can rise over 40<sup>o</sup>C (104<sup>o</sup>F) in the peak of the summer and the humidity levels are high. Rainfall is minimal and averages 42 millimetres a year. The coastline experiences cooling sea breezes during the day. The name Umm Al Quwain is derived from Umm Al Quwatain, which means "Mother of two powers", a reference to the powerful seafaring tradition of this emirate. The modern history of Umm Al Quwain dates back 200 years when the Al Ali tribe moved their capital from Al Sinniyah Island to its present location in the mid 18th century, when the water supply dried up.