Macau (also spelled Macao, 澳門, Oumùhn in Cantonese, Àomén in Mandarin) is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China and one of the world's most densely populated spots. Located across the Pearl River estuary from Hong Kong, Macau was a colony and later overseas territory of Portugal until 1999.
There is no British consulate in Macau, and all official consulate business is handled in Hong Kong
As the first and last European colony in East Asia, Macau has more visible colonial history than Hong Kong. The buildings and cobblestone or patterned brick streets in many parts of the city, particularly the center of the old city and Coloane, look much like somewhere in Mediterranean Europe. However, the people and the Chinese-language signage indicate Asia. The Portuguese and Macanese population continues to maintain a presence, but most of the population is native Chinese.
Macau is unique in many ways, but it also has many similarities to and close economic ties with both Hong Kong and the Pearl River Delta region across the border.